Linux is a collection of software (Operating System) running behind the scenes on a computer.
Why you begin with the history of the word and cognitive synonyms?
The birth place of words are in peoples minds. They become the blocks we use to build what we see, hear, taste, touch and smell (our senses). When you read you are condensing your senses into a chain of links from a set of symbols. These visible symbols are the anchors you chunk into your vocabulary to name your thoughts and beliefs.
The purpose of reading a list of the history of a word is to build your relationship as the word grew-up in time. The family origins of a word connects the anchor to the chain of how the words story sprouted in someones mind.
The cognitive synonyms (synset for short) are the present sprouted offspring of the word. They provide you with fresh mental anchors to the chain of the words story.
Read the groups of words to see their birth.
Connect with the anchors to the story of the words to see how they’ve grown.
The Linux Operating System is:
- free to download and use.
- free to copy and share with anyone.
- free to study and learn how the Operating system works.
- free to transform into something tailor made for you.
Linux is a *Unix-like *Operating System and mostly *POSIX-compliant computer operating system assembled under the model of *free and *open source software development and distribution. (source)
Each term that is defined will have a “*” next to terms within the definition. These definiens will clearly be defined for further clarity until a root of understanding is established.
In this tutorial I will use the Trivium Method of classical education to better understand “What is Linux.”
The Trivium method has 3 elements:
- General Grammar: Systematic Knowledge
- answers the questions of the who, what, where, and when of this subject.
- discovering and ordering facts of reality comprise basic, systematic knowledge.
- Formal Logic: Systematic Understanding
- answers the why of this subject.
- developing the faculty of reason in establishing valid (non-contradictory) relationships among facts, Systematic Understanding.
- Classical Rhetoric: Systematically usable Knowledge and Understanding
- provides the how of a subject.
- applying knowledge and understanding expressively comprises wisdom, or, in other words, it is a systematically usable knowledge and understanding.
The terms must clearly be defined in order to gain the systematic knowledge to better understand “What is Linux.”
- GNU (GNU’s not Unix)
- Project- goal
- to give users freedom and control in their use of their computers and computing devices.
- develop and provide software based on the following freedom
- Use: users are free to run the software
- Share: users are free to share the software (copy and distribute freely)
- Study: users are free to study the software
- Modify: users are free to modify the software (copy and redistribute freely)
- an operating system that behaves in the manner similar to UNIX, while not necessarily conforming to or being certified to any version of the Single Unix specification.
- Operating System
- a collection of software running behind the scenes of a computer.
an acronym for “PORTABLE OPERATING SYSTEM INTERFACE”a family of standards specified by the *IEEE (institute of electrical engineers- i triple e) for maintaining compatibility between operating systems.defines the API (application program interface), command line shells, and utility interfaces for software compatibility with variants of Unix and other Operating Systems.
- Free and Open Source Software (FOSS)
- computer software that can be classified both *free and *open source.
- Free Software
- software that is distributed with its source code and released under a (*GNU) software license that guarantee users the freedom to run the software for any purpose as well as to study, adapt/modify, and distribute the software and the adapted/changed versions.
- Open-Source Software (OSS)
- software with its source code made available and licensed with a license in which the copyright holder provided the rights to study, change, and distribute the software to anyone and for any purpose.
- developed in a public, collaborative manner.
- Open Source Development
- open source software is the best example.
- user generated content:
- content produced through *open-collaboration.
- created by goal oriented yet loosely coordinated participants who interact to create a product or service of economic value, which they make available to contributors and non contributors alike.
- open content:
- describes a creative work that others can copy or modify.
- creative work that is freely available for modification, use, and redistribution under a license similar to those of OSS and FOSS community.
- users have the right to make more kinds of uses than those normally permitted under the law at no cost to the user.
5 right’s of a Open Content Users: