What is Linux

Command Line, Linux
My name is Tux

My name is Tux

Linux is a collection of software (Operating System) running behind the scenes on a computer.

Why you begin with the history of the word and cognitive synonyms?

The birth place of words are in peoples minds. They become the blocks we use to build what we see, hear, taste, touch and smell (our senses). When you read you are condensing your senses into a chain of links from a set of symbols. These visible symbols are the anchors you chunk into your vocabulary to name your thoughts and beliefs.

The purpose of reading a list of the history of a word is to build your relationship as the word grew-up in time. The family origins of a word connects the anchor to the chain of how the words story sprouted in someones mind.

The cognitive synonyms (synset for short) are the present sprouted offspring of the word. They provide you with fresh mental anchors to the chain of the words story.

Read the groups of words to see their birth.

Connect with the anchors to the story of the words to see how they’ve grown.

The Linux Operating System is:

  1. free to download and use.
  2. free to copy and share with anyone.
  3. free to study and learn how the Operating system works.
  4. free to transform into something tailor made for you.

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Proper definition:
Linux is a *Unix-like *Operating System and mostly *POSIX-compliant computer operating system assembled under the model of *free and *open source software development and distribution. (source)

Each term that is defined will have a “*” next to terms within the definition. These definiens will clearly be defined for further clarity until a root of understanding is established.

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In this tutorial I will use the Trivium Method of classical education to better understand “What is Linux.”

The Trivium method has 3 elements:

  1. General Grammar: Systematic Knowledge
    • answers the questions of the who, what, where, and when of this subject.
    • discovering and ordering facts of reality comprise basic, systematic knowledge.
  2. Formal Logic: Systematic Understanding
    • answers the why of this subject.
    • developing the faculty of reason in establishing valid (non-contradictory) relationships among facts, Systematic Understanding.
  3. Classical Rhetoric: Systematically usable Knowledge and Understanding
    • provides the how of a subject.
    • applying knowledge and understanding expressively comprises wisdom, or, in other words, it is a systematically usable knowledge and understanding.

———-

Grammar:

The terms must clearly be defined in order to gain the systematic knowledge to better understand “What is Linux.”

GNU (GNU’s not Unix)
Project- goal
to give users freedom and control in their use of their computers and computing devices.
develop and provide software based on the following freedom
rights:

  • Use: users are free to run the software
  • Share: users are free to share the software (copy and distribute freely)
  • Study: users are free to study the software
  • Modify: users are free to modify the software (copy and redistribute freely)
Unix-Like
an operating system that behaves in the manner similar to UNIX, while not necessarily conforming to or being certified to any version of the Single Unix specification.
Operating System
a collection of software running behind the scenes of a computer.
POSIX

an acronym for “PORTABLE OPERATING SYSTEM INTERFACE”a family of standards specified by the *IEEE (institute of electrical engineers- i triple e) for maintaining compatibility between operating systems.defines the API (application program interface), command line shells, and utility interfaces for software compatibility with variants of Unix and other Operating Systems.

Free and Open Source Software (FOSS)
computer software that can be classified both *free and *open source.
Free Software
software that is distributed with its source code and released under a (*GNU) software license that guarantee users the freedom to run the software for any purpose as well as to study, adapt/modify, and distribute the software and the adapted/changed versions.
Open-Source Software (OSS)
software with its source code made available and licensed with a license in which the copyright holder provided the rights to study, change, and distribute the software to anyone and for any purpose.
developed in a public, collaborative manner.
Open Source Development
open source software is the best example.
user generated content:
content produced through *open-collaboration.
open-collaboration:
created by goal oriented yet loosely coordinated participants who interact to create a product or service of economic value, which they make available to contributors and non contributors alike.
open content:
describes a creative work that others can copy or modify.
creative work that is freely available for modification, use, and redistribution under a license similar to those of OSS and FOSS community.
users have the right to make more kinds of uses than those normally permitted under the law at no cost to the user.
5 right’s of a Open Content Users:
  1. retain
  2. reuse
  3. revise
  4. remix
  5. redistribute

How to install Xubuntu on a Windows 7 Machine

Command Line, Linux

Having the ability to use multiple operating systems on your machine will give you the tools necessary to have a symbiotic relationship with your machine.

In this tutorial I will use the trivium method of classical education for the Xubuntu installation process.

The Trivium method has 3 elements:

  1. General Grammar: Systematic Knowledge
    • answers the questions of the who, what, where, and when of this subject.
    • discovering and ordering facts of reality comprise basic, systematic knowledge.
  2. Formal Logic: Systematic Understanding
    • answers the why of this subject.
    • developing the faculty of reason in establishing valid (non-contradictory) relationships among facts, Systematic Understanding.
  3. Classical Rhetoric: Systematically usable Knowledge and Understanding
    • provides the how of a subject.
    • applying knowledge and understanding expressively comprises wisdom, or, in other words, it is a systematically usable knowledge and understanding.

Grammar:

Operating System
a collection of software running behind the scenes of a computer.
Xubuntu
a derivative of the Ubuntu Operating System; developed to be “fast and lightweight.”
Boot
cause to load (an OS) and start the initial processes.
Dual Booting
installing multiple Operating systems on a computer.
UEFI (unified extensible firmware interface)
a technical standard that defines software interface between an operating system and platform firmware.
Partition
the part of a hard drive that is dedicated to a particular OS or application and accesses as a single digit.
GParted
free partition editor.
GTK+ (gimp toolkit)
cross platform widget toolkit for creating graphical user interface.
Installation Image (ISO disc)
copy of the data on an optical disc, stored inside a binary file.

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Formal Logic:

Before starting the process of installing Xubuntu on your Windows machine, we first need to gather the necessary technology.

Items needed:

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Installation Process:
Burning ISO on DVD
  1. download ISO from Linux source
  2. Burning From Windows
    • right click on ISO image
    • select disk burner (drive)
    • press “burn”
  3. verify disc after burning

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Partitioning Windows hard drive

Path //////

  1. go to start menu
  2. search for disk management
  3. select “create and format hard drive”
  4. this open “disk management”
  5. right click the largest hard drive
  6. choose “shrink volume”
    • windows will think about this question. be patient as the icon spins and you end up in a psychedelic stateā€¦
  7. enter the size of volume to create in MB (megabytes) or accept the maximum default size and click next.
  8. Size chart
    1024 bytes = 1 kilobyte
    1024 kilobytes = 1 megabyte
    1024 megabytes = 1 gigabyte
    1024 gigabytes = 1 terabyte
    1024 terabytes = 1 petabyte
  9. shrink to XXXX MB (unallocated)
  10. close

***End of Windows Hard Drive Partition***

Boot Computer from Live Cd image and follow the prompts in the set up

***do a search online to check your computer models protocol to boot from cd***

  1. restart computer with disk image in drive.
  2. IBM press F12 to enter UEFI.
  3. boot from cd.
  4. Install ***distro varies *** Xubuntu.
  5. connect computer to router with ethernet.
  6. when you see the keyboard and symbol on the bottom of the screen tap any key to proceed.
  7. continue through installation windows.
  8. window will ask: “how do you want to partition the disk?”
  9. install to the partition created in Windows.
  10. automatic partition resizing (recommended).
  11. (GUI): install them side by side between startup.
  12. select size of partition.
  13. click on continue.
  14. install now.
  15. follow prompts.
  16. restart computer,

Dual boot process is completeā€¦